RHEL 6 for the Clueless: File Management

By Ed Ed | Posted at 17:17

There is a world of difference between Windows and Linux in file handling. Your immediate need is to understand the business of permissions. One of the fundamental security advantages in Linux is every file is owned by someone, and the owner gets to decide what happens to those files. Ownership, of course, is limited to those who have an identity on the computer in question.

First, let's open that Terminal again. When first opened, by default your relative location in the system is your Home directory. So important is this, anytime you issue the command cd without saying specifically where you want to go, you'll be sent here to the same place, Home. On the Linux commandline, we love our abbreviations. When you are typing things on the commandline, the symbolic reference to your Home is ~/ -- that's a tilde and a forward slash together in that order.

Let's see what's there. Type ls (lower-case LS). You get a column list of item names, in different colors. Blue is what marks a directory, which may or may not have anything inside it. You should have at least Desktop and Downloads, and mostly likely some other standard folders such as Documents, Music, Pictures and Videos. Not so different from Windows in that sense. You may not see any files, which show us as black. That is, unless you've been playing with the color scheme in the Terminal menu system. But there isn't much information about the folders and files. Who owns them?

Type ls again, but with an added switch, which asks for the full length version of information about each item: ls -l. You should see something like:

drwxr-xr-x. 2 ed ed 4096 Jan 5 08:42 Desktop
drwxr-xr-x. 2 ed ed 4096 Jan 7 14:33 Documents
drwxr-xr-x. 3 ed ed 4096 Jan 9 17:40 Downloads

That first column is all about permissions. I'm not going to duplicate the good work of others who write better than I. Allow me to refer you to this tutorial on Linux Permissions. You'll need to read it if you don't understand what we've done so far. Go ahead, we'll be here when you get back. You might want to bookmark the home page of that website if you find yourself lost already in Linux. The author covers a lot of basics in very simple explanations.

For now, I want you to learn how to do this in the GUI. If you click the "Home" icon on your desktop, you get a window reminiscent of the ancient Windows 95 default. If you like that, fine, but it won't help you learn much about maintaining your own file collection. So in the open window, go to the Edit menu, and select Preferences, the last item. You should see a configuration dialog with many tabs at the top. In the first tab, hit the drop-down box where it says "Icon view" and change it to "List view." I recommend you checkmark "Show hidden and backup files." On the Behavior tab, checkmark "Always open in browser windows." My personal preference is also to select the radio button for single-click, because I like my file browser to act like a web browser; everything is a link which requires only one click. Finally, go to the "List columns" tab and add a checkmark to the box at "Permissions."

Hit the "Close" button; the choices are automatically saved. Now close the file manager window. Open it again, and the changes should have been applied. Of the far right side of each line you see those permissions again. Right click on any item, folder or file, and click "Properties" at the bottom. Click on the "Permissions" tab and you get a detailed management page for the item in question. You'll see the labels explaining all that stuff you saw in your Terminal window. Change those permissions and it changes what shows up in the file browser window in that permissions column on the far right. Note: All folders must be marked with the "execute" bit for you, or you can't see what's inside.

You'll discover if you transfer any files from a FAT file system (like thumb drives or memory sticks), NTFS (the current default for Windows), or most backup CDs, every file has all the execute bits set. That's how Linux interprets Windows default file settings. It's not a big problem in every case, but it does conflict with the Linux defaults. When copying files from those other media into your Home folder or anywhere else on your Linux machine, be aware of this. If the file is not supposed to be an executable script or binary, change those permissions to take away the execute bit (but not for folders). It's laborious if you have a lot of files, but it's just one of those things.

Now, about ownership: You'll notice the files belong to you as your username, listed twice. That's because there is the user as a person, and you belong to a group by the same name. You may have picked up on that from the tutorial I linked above. The root account can change ownership of any file, but you get to set group membership for any group your user account belongs to.

Linux and Unix folks will gravely warn you about messing around too much while logged in as root. On your system, root owns everything, and can delete the entire system with just a few keystrokes. So we protect our root access with hard passwords and don't use the root login except when necessary. Never connect to the outside Net as root unless absolutely necessary, as this exposes your machine to someone else using some unknown security hole to masquerade as root on your machine.

In the last lesson, we copied a bunch of codec files into the library file system. Those files are still owned by your user account. It's a low-level security threat to leave them that way, among other things. You could accidently delete them from your user account. Suppose you were online and someone managed to use one of those as-yet undiscovered security holes, and grabs control of your system using your user account. They will have only your user account's permissions to do things. Those files are not protected. As a standard practice, anything which is used by the system should belong to root. Let's fix that situation.

Open the Terminal and login as root. Then execute this command:

chown -R root:root /usr/lib/codecs/

That's change ownership, using the -R switch for recursively (diving down into the folder and everything inside it), to make root the owner of all those codec files we moved there.

One final note. We got those files from a standard source in the Linux world. Unless someone packages them for your particular Linux version, that's the way to get them. Right now, no one makes an RPM for RHEL 6 containing those codecs. If they did, we might be able to download and use that RPM file, and all would be well. But you should avoid adding multiple third-party repositories. ATrpms does things one way, and the others do things differently. If you add other repos which cover the same kind of packages, there will surely be conflicts, and Yum won't be able to resolve them. Most of those third-party repos don't work together, at least not very well, because the people who run them won't, for whatever reason. If you use ATrpms, you might be able to take individual packages from other places, but even that could be dicey. It's the nature of the beast.

Ed Hurst is Associate Editor of Open for Business.

Re: RHEL 6 for the Clueless: File Management

Since I have a project based on file management, this piece of information is very useful to me. From this, I came to know the difference between Windows and Linux in file handling. Thank . Expecting more useful blogs like this.

Posted by small prefab homes - Jun 30, 2017 | 11:42

Re: RHEL 6 for the Clueless: File Management

You have a valid subscription available for Norton.
http://www.norton.comsetupkey.com/norton-com-nu16
http://www.norton.comsetupkey.com/login
http://www.norton.comsetupkey.com/
http://www.norton.comsetupkey.com/install
norton com setup
manage norton com
norton com setup login
www norton com nu16
go to norton com setup
norton setup activate
norton setup with product code
norton nu16 product key
norton com nu16
Norton SetUp Activation login
norton antivirus setup assistant
Norton setup assistant

Posted by norton nu16 product key - Jul 14, 2017 | 8:58

online assignment help

Congrats on having such well managed site! It has good looks and contains informative content as well. We are also a web portal where students get the help with the academic writing by opting for our assignment help online and can get a well written assignment.

Posted by Assignment help online - Jul 29, 2017 | 12:04



Re: RHEL 6 for the Clueless: File Management

This is really informative post and it is very useful and knowledgeable. I’m very happy to peer your article. I assure this would be beneficial for most of readers here. You have done an amazing job by posting this great article. If you have interest in Jual Peralatan Kantor, be pleased to visit my site then. Kind Regards

Posted by Manara Furniture - Aug 20, 2017 | 17:39

Re: The Perverse Glory of ‘Glee’

<strong>adidas yeezy shoes</strong>
<strong>ugg boots women</strong>
<strong>coach outlet canada</strong>
<strong>ugg canada</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>ray bans</strong>
<strong>adidas store</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>cheap oakley sunglasses</strong>
<strong>cheap jordan shoes</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale clearance</strong>
<strong>birkenstock shoes</strong>
<strong>michael kors</strong>
<strong>canada goose clothing</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>pandora charms</strong>
<strong>gucci outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>retro 11</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin sale</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet store</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren sale clearance uk</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale clearance</strong>
<strong>discount oakley sunglasses</strong>
<strong>canada goose</strong>
<strong>michael kors</strong>
<strong>canada goose parka</strong>
<strong>pandora charms</strong>
<strong>nike huarache shoes</strong>
<strong>cheap ugg boots</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong>
<strong>birkenstock outlet</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet</strong>
<strong>louis vuitton outlet store</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale clearance</strong>
<strong>cheap ugg boots</strong>
<strong>ray bans</strong>
<strong>ugg sale</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>kate spade outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>longchamp sale</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses cheap</strong>
<strong>uggs on sale</strong>
<strong>cheap ugg sale</strong>
<strong>ugg boots outlet</strong>
<strong>hermes bags</strong>
<strong>beats headphones</strong>
<strong>beats wireless headphones</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses discount</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>timberland outlet store</strong>
<strong>oakley sunglasses outlet</strong>
<strong>moncler pas cher</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet store</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>kate spade outlet online</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren</strong>
<strong>moncler outlet online</strong>
<strong>pandora jewelry store</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>ray bans</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>yeezy boost 350</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet online</strong>
<strong>birkenstock outlet store</strong>
<strong>cheap nfl jerseys wholesale</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>cheap jordans for sale</strong>
<strong>cheap uggs</strong>
<strong>canada goose</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>mulberry</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin sale</strong>
<strong>cheap ugg boots</strong>
<strong>nike sneakers</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren sale</strong>
<strong>tory burch shoes</strong>
<strong>burberry outlet</strong>
<strong>red bottom heels</strong>
<strong>birkenstock uk</strong>
<strong>michael kors</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>kate spade outlet online</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet online</strong>
<strong>cheap uggs</strong>
<strong>adidas ultra boost</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd r1</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd runner</strong>
<strong>longchamp bags</strong>
<strong>jordans</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>louis vuitton outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet store</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale</strong>
<strong>pandora charms</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses discount</strong>
<strong>moncler jackets</strong>
<strong>moncler jackets</strong>
<strong>birkenstocks</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store online</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet online</strong>
<strong>moncler outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong>
<strong>nike outlet store online</strong>
<strong>valentino</strong>
<strong>mulberry uk</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>adidas outlet online</strong>
<strong>moncler outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren</strong>
<strong>cheap ray ban sunglasses</strong>
<strong>ugg boots outlet</strong>
<strong>louboutin outlet</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>pandora uk</strong>
<strong>adidas sneakers</strong>
<strong>red bottom</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors uk</strong>
<strong>yeezy shoes</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>north face jackets</strong>
<strong>canada goose outlet</strong>
<strong>nfl jerseys cheap</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>moncler</strong>
<strong>ray ban glasses</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet</strong>
<strong>cheap jordan shoes</strong>
<strong>ugg outlet</strong>
<strong>adidas outlet online</strong>
<strong>mlb jerseys</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>toms outlet</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren outlet</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>adidas outlet store</strong>
<strong>supreme london</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>birkenstock shoes</strong>
<strong>birkenstock</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren uk</strong>
<strong>cheap air jordans</strong>
<strong>cheap jerseys</strong>
<strong>ugg on sale</strong>
<strong>kate spade handbags</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>superdry outlet</strong>
<strong>caterpillar boots</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses outlet</strong>
<strong>toms</strong>
<strong>longchamps</strong>
<strong>ray ban glasses</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet store</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>moncler coats</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>ugg boots outlet</strong>
<strong>mlb jerseys whgolesale</strong>
<strong>mbt</strong>
<strong>nike air max 2018</strong>
<strong>pandora outlet</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>louis vuitton outlet online</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd runner</strong>
<strong>louis vuitton factory outlet</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>bottes ugg</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>oakley sunglasses outlet</strong>
<strong>birkin handbags</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>ugg slippers</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store online</strong>
<strong>nfl jerseys</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>toms</strong>
<strong>pandora jewelry</strong>
<strong>air max</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>burberry outlet</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale clearance</strong>
<strong>michael kors</strong>
<strong>nike outlet</strong>
<strong>oakley sunglasses outlet</strong>
<strong>michael kors bags</strong>
<strong>pandora jewelry outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>yeezy boost</strong>
<strong>kate spade handbags</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren</strong>
<strong>mulberry outlet uk</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet</strong>
<strong>toms</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets uk</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store</strong>
<strong>fitflop sandals</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>nike outlet store</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>canada goose coats</strong>
<strong>canada goose coats</strong>
<strong>uggs</strong>
<strong>yeezy boost 350</strong>
<strong>cheap nike shoes</strong>
<strong>coach outlet canada</strong>
<strong>yeezy shoes</strong>
<strong>hermes bag</strong>
<strong>yeezy boost</strong>
<strong>adidas yeezy boost</strong>
<strong>harden vol 1</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store online clearance</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store</strong>
<strong>nfl jerseys wholesale</strong>
<strong>supreme clothing</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>discount oakley sunglasses</strong>
<strong>coach purses</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store online</strong>
<strong>air jordan shoes</strong>
<strong>adidas outlet store</strong>
<strong>red bottoms</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren outlet</strong>
<strong>yeezy shoes</strong>
<strong>hermes outlet</strong>
<strong>pandora jewelry</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet canada</strong>
<strong>canada goose coats</strong>
<strong>yeezy boost 350</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>nike sneakers</strong>
<strong>hermes bags</strong>
<strong>coach factory outlet online</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>canada goose jackets</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren sale</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>uggs outlet</strong>
<strong>burberry outlet online</strong>
<strong>nike cortez classic</strong>
<strong>kate spade outlet</strong>
<strong>longchamp</strong>
<strong>michael kors bags</strong>
<strong>pandora charms outlet</strong>
<strong>pandora charms outlet</strong>
<strong>louboutin outlet</strong>
<strong>pandora jewelry outlet</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses outlet</strong>
<strong>canada goose sale</strong>
<strong>nike outlet online</strong>
<strong>longchamp bags</strong>
<strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong>
<strong>mlb jerseys</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren sale clearance uk</strong>
<strong>ray ban sunglasses sale</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet online</strong>
<strong>cheap oakley sunglasses</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren</strong>
<strong>mulberry handbags</strong>
<strong>pandora</strong>
<strong>valentino outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>adidas yeezy boost 350</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet store</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd r1</strong>
<strong>birkenstock outlet</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd r1</strong>
<strong>nike shoes</strong>
<strong>burberry uk</strong>
<strong>coach handbags outlet</strong>
<strong>the north face outlet</strong>
<strong>nmd adidas</strong>
<strong>mlb jerseys</strong>
<strong>ugg boots</strong>
<strong>tory burch outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach outlet store</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale clearance</strong>
<strong>ugg shoes</strong>
<strong>air jordan retro</strong>
<strong>kate spade handbags</strong>
<strong>adidas nmd runner</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren sale</strong>
<strong>cheap ray ban sunglasses</strong>
<strong>michael kors outlet canada</strong>
<strong>ralph lauren uk</strong>
<strong>fitflops sale clearance</strong>
<strong>superdry sale</strong>
<strong>toms outlet</strong>
<strong>pandora charms sale</strong>
<strong>canada goose outlet</strong>
<strong>cheap jordan shoes</strong>
<strong>ugg</strong>
<strong>kate spade outlet</strong>
<strong>cheap jordan shoes</strong>
<strong>adidas superstar shoes</strong>
<strong>longchamp handbags</strong>
<strong>adidas yeezy boost</strong>
<strong>cheap ugg boots</strong>
<strong>pandora charms outlet</strong>
<strong>canada goose jacket</strong>
<strong>michael kors handbags outlet</strong>
<strong>polo ralph lauren outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>cheap ray ban sunglasses</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>pandora charms outlet</strong>
<strong>coach outlet online</strong>
<strong>burberry handbags</strong>
<strong>nike outlet store</strong>
<strong>harden shoes</strong>

Posted by 20170826yuanyuan 20170826yuanyuan - Aug 26, 2017 | 2:27


Re: RHEL 6 for the Clueless: File Management

IT Company In Pakistan
Call Center Outsourcing In Pakistan
School Management System In Pakistan
Article Writing In Pakistan
ERP Software In Pakistan
Content Management System
Desktop Applications In Pakistan
website Testing In Pakistan
Digital Marketing In Pakistan
Security Testing In Pakistan
Software Testing In Pakistan
eCommerce Website Services In Pakistan
Acceptance Testing In Pakistan
Functional Testing In Pakistan
Mobile Application Company In Pakistan
Custome Web Development In Pakistan/
Graphic Designing In Pakistan
Hire WordPress Developer
Web Development In Pakistan
Hire Magento Developer
ERP Consultancy In Pakistan
Finance Company In Pakistan
Hire Drupal Developer
Hire Php Developer
Hire Java Developers
Web Design Company In Pakistan
Quran Teaching In Pakistan
SEO Packages In Pakistan
Content Writers In Pakistan
Outsource To Pakistan
SEO Company In Pakistan
SEO Training In Pakistan
SEO Consultant In Pakistan

Omaha Web Design
Omaha SEO
IT Outsourcing In Omaha

wellcool.pk/
Roof Waterproofing
Watertank Waterproofing/
Concrete Waterproofing
Bathroom Waterproofing
Foundation waterproofing
Walls Waterproofing
Gypsum Board
Car Compound Polish
Roof Heat Proofing

GMAT Preparation Pakistan
GMAT Preparation In Multan
GMAT Preparation In Lahore
GMAT Preparation In Islamabad

Choose Natural Hair Extensions
Pakistani Mehndi Designs For Hands
How To Apply Henna Designs Mehndi Step By Step
Gul Ahmed Summer Collection 2016
Nishat Linen
Hijab Styles
Qandeel Baloch Reaches Lahore Attend PTI Rally Says Will Propose Imran Khan
Nargis Fakhri Hints She Is Interested In Working In Lollywood
Bigg Boss Season 10 Qandeel Baloch rumoured Among Top Five Contestants
Kareena Kapoor
Amjad Sabri Dead Karachi Gun Attack
Wedding Card Designs In Pakistan
7 Things Girls Say Guys Dont Want Relationship
Farhan Saeed Urwa Hocane Dance Performance Lux Style Awards 2016
Long Frocks
MakeUp Tips
Pakistani Wedding Photographers
Healthy Habits That Your Skin
Fitness Tips For Women
Double Tone Delineation
Simple Makeup Tips For Girls
MakeUp Tricks Look Younger
Pakistani Male Models
Pakistani Eye Makeup
Eye Concealer
Pakistani Actresses Without MakeUp
Pakistani Wedding Sherwani Design For Boys
Rules To Choosing Accessories
Men With Beards
Lollywood Stars In Their Childhood And Now
Reham Khan
Ayyan Ali
Amy Jackson
Mahira Khan
First Music Video Chaiwala Arshad Khan
Eye MakeUp For Pakistani Girls
Lips MakeUp Tricks For Pakistani Girls
Skin Whitening Formulas In Pakistan
Pakistani Dramas
Bridal Mehndi Designs
Winter Perks Every Pakistani Looks Forward To
Jambo PK Catching Fashion eCommerce Pakistan
Top Pakistani Females Actress And Models
Bed Sheets In Pakistan
Keratin Hair Treatment
Buy Furniture
Natural Hair Extensions In Pakistan
Pakistani Wedding Dresses

Pakistani Hand Embroidery
Hair Rebonding
Mehndi Designer
Personal Trainer

Beauty Tips
Skin Tips
Beauty Tips For Face
Natural Beauty Tips
Beauty Tips And Tricks
Male Enhancement Supplements
Weight Loss Supplements
Skin Care Products
Hair Care Products
Detox And Cleanse Reviews
Alpha Prime Elite
Garcinia Pure Pro
Weight Loss That Works
Pure Asian Garcinia
Buy Garcinia Cambogia
Hair Loss Treatment For Men
Muscle Building Foods
Skin Rejuvenator
Anti Aging Device
Garcinia Pure Pro
AGS Developers
Web Development Company
Web Development Agency
Website Development Services
Shopify Development
Shopify Development Services
Shopify Development Company
Volusion Development
Volusion Development Services
Volusion Development Company
Magento Development
Magento Development Services
Magento Development Company
BigCommerce Development
BigCommerce Development Services
BigCommerce Development Company
Wordpress Development
Wordpress Development Services
Wordpress Development Company
Urdu Columns
Newspaper Columns
World Columns
Javed Chaudhry Columns
Hassan Nisar Columns
Orya Maqbool Jan Columns
Rauf Klasra Columns
Nazeer Naji Columns
Ayaz Amir Columns
Haroon Rasheed Columns
Saadullah Jan Barq Columns

Posted by sdfsd - Sep 12, 2017 | 5:18


Please enter your comment entry below. Press 'Preview' to see how it will look.

Name:
Sign In to Your Account
User Name:
Password:
Location:
Homepage:
E-mail:
Subject:
:mrgreen: :neutral: :twisted: :arrow: :shock: :smile: :???: :cool: :evil: :grin: :idea: :oops: :razz: :roll: :wink: :cry: :eek: :lol: :mad: :sad: :!: :?:
Home About Connect: Twitter Facebook RSS
© 2001-2012 Universal Networks, All Rights Reserved. Some content rights may be held by Universal Networks' providers and used under license. Powered by ServerForest and SAFARI. Learn about our privacy policy here.